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Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) in Puglia, Italy

This case form has been translated for your convenience by voluntary translators. Therefore, they may contain errors. Any discrepancies or differences created in translating this content from the original version into another language are not binding and have no legal effect. If any questions arise related to the accuracy of the information contained in these translations, please refer to the original version of the case in: Italian


The Trans Adriatic Pipeline - TAP project is an infrastructure project for the construction of a pipeline that will transport natural gas coming from the fields of Shah Deniz II in Azerbaijan to the Italian coast for distribution in Europe. The pipeline is part of the larger project called the Southern Gas Corridor which includes the Trans Anatolian Pipeline (TANAP) and the Trans Caspian Gas Pipeline.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) in Puglia, Italy
State or province:Province of Lecce, Region Puglia
Location of conflict:Meledugno, San Foca
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific commodities:Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The TAP pipeline will be a part, together with the Trans Caspian Gas Pipeline and the Trans Anatolian Pipeline, of the larger project of Southern Gas Corridor which will be used to supply the European market with alternatives to Russian gas.

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Project area:800 Km (total length of pipeline)
Level of Investment for the conflictive project49,920,000,000.00 USD (40,000,000,000.00 € - Estimation of a private source. Since the project is private funded, the real amount of investment is not known)
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population: 9,861 (Melendugno inhabitants)
Start of the conflict:01/01/2010
Company names or state enterprises:E. ON from Italy
Axpo from Italy
Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP)
British Petroleum (BP) from United Kingdom
State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR) from Azerbaijan
Statoil from Norway
Fluxys from Belgium
Total SA from France
Relevant government actors:Melendugno Municipality: ; Regione Puglia: ; ARPA (Regional Agency for Environmental Protection) :
International and Finance InstitutionsEuropean Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
European Investment Bank (EIB)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Comitato No TAP : - ; Cooperativa Il Delfino:; Associazione Tramontana: ; Reazione:,
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
The TAP holding has funded a number of initiatives during the summer 2014. Many artists have refused to take part in such events in protest against the Multinational. At the same events and concerts in support f the No TAP Committee that is fighting against the project have also been organized.
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsPotential: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Other socio-economic impactsPotential losses during the summer season. These losses may be particularly important given the nature of the land and tourism potential.
Other potential losses may occur in the economy in the fishing industry that will be affected due to closure of the fishery in the waters involved in the laying of the pipeline, as well as due to water pollution from the resulting sludge.
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Land demarcation
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Despite various manifestations of dissent by the population, the NO TAP Committee, and the actions by local administration, the regional commission and the Ministry of Heritage and Culture, the project received the approval of the central government and is continuing its process towards realization.
Yet despite the final approval of the government to the implementation of the TAP gas pipeline project, the high level of citizens information and awareness about the project, not only locally but nationally, and the extent of mobilization created around the committees can be considered a success .
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Ministry of Environment
[click to view]

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
[click to view]

Meledugno Municipality
[click to view]

Regione Puglia
[click to view]

Melendugno Municipality
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Statoil, Joins EGL in Trans Adriatic Pipeline Gas Project, 2008
[click to view]

Tap AG, Intergovernmental agreement between Albania and Italy: important milestone for the Trans Adriatic Pipeline project achieved, 2009
[click to view]

Lecce Prima
[click to view]

La Repubblica on line
[click to view]
[click to view]

Il Sole 24 ore
[click to view]

[click to view]

Statoil, Joins EGL in Trans Adriatic Pipeline Gas Project, 2008
[click to view]

Re:Common; "Ten reasons to say no to TAP"
[click to view]

Il Fatto Quotidiano
[click to view]

Tap AG, Intergovernmental agreement between Albania and Italy: important milestone for the Trans Adriatic Pipeline project achieved, 2009
[click to view]

Italian musician Roy Paci opposes TAP (Italian)
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Annalisa Cavallini, CDCA - [email protected]
Last update18/12/2014
Conflict ID:1668
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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