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Urraca Fracking Project by BNK Petroleum en Burgos, Spain


On 11/03/2011, the Company Trofagas Hidrocarburos (now BNK Petroleum Inc.) was granted a licence for study the feasibility of a proposed fracking for a period of six years through the so-called Urraca Licence (BOE 11/03/2011).

BNK Petroleum Inc. is a private company of site in Camarillo (California) within the Ministry of Industry of the Government of Spain.

The license involves territories in Euskadi and Castilla y León, affecting a total of 95,000 hectares.

The Garoña Nuclear Power Plant (43 years old) has placed near the 12 Urraca wells (20 km. ) .

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Urraca Fracking Project by BNK Petroleum en Burgos, Spain
State or province:Burgos
Location of conflict:Medina de Pomar
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Shale gas fracking
Specific commodities:Water
Crude oil
Natural Gas
Shale gas and oil
Chemical products

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Project area: 94,815
Level of Investment for the conflictive project20,000,000.00
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:20,000
Start of the conflict:2011
Company names or state enterprises:BNK Petroleum Inc. (BKX.TO) from United States of America
Relevant government actors:Junta de Castilla y León
Ministerio de Industria, Energia y Turismo
Gobierno Vasco
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Ecologistas en Acción
Greenpeace España
Amigos de la Tierra

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Artisanal miners
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Trade unions
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature


Environmental ImpactsVisible: Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Global warming, Desertification/Drought, Fires, Genetic contamination, Waste overflow, Oil spills
Other Environmental impactsinduce earthquakes, affect Garoña Nuclear Power Plant
Health ImpactsPotential: Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Accidents, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Other environmental related diseases, Other Health impacts
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Land dispossession, Other socio-economic impacts, Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood
Other socio-economic impactslosses for the rural comunity and his economy


Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Criminalization of activists
Institutional changes
Land demarcation
New legislation
Application of existing regulations
Project cancelled
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure

Sources & Materials

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Hydraulic Fracturing reports

Asamblea contra el fracking de la provincia de Burgos , Spain

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Un centenar de organizaciones de todo el mundo contra BNK Petroleum

Meta information

Contributor:Asamblea contra el Fracking de Las Merindades (Burgos), [email protected]
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1971