Last update:

North Stream 2 (Severny Potok) Natural Gas Pipeline at Kurgalsky Reserve, Russia

The Kurgalsky reserve is one of the most valuable natural territories in north-west Russia. But the planned route of the Nord Stream 2 (Severny Potok) Natural Gas Pipeline cuts right through the Kurgalsky reserve.


The Nord Stream Natural Gas Pipeline was launched in November 2011. Its business model is to provide gas transportation capacity for the natural gas coming from western Russia for distribution into the European gas grid, with landfalls in Russia and Germany. The extension of The Nord Stream Pipeline, North Stream 2 (Severny Potok) Natural Gas Pipeline aims to be stretching along the Baltic Sea bottom from the Russian to the German coast by alike route. Its launch is planned for the end of 2019. For the landfall in Russia for the new pipeline, The Narva Bay and the Kolganpa cape were chosen as alternative routes. The published non-technical annotation of the gas pipeline project states that based on the results of environmental surveys and evaluation of both routes, the option of the Narva Bay, which affects the Kurgalsky Nature Reserve was considered preferable. The company's arguments are simple: the Narva Bay option is shorter, more convenient and, apparently, cheaper.

See more
Basic Data
Name of conflict:North Stream 2 (Severny Potok) Natural Gas Pipeline at Kurgalsky Reserve, Russia
Country:Russian Federation
State or province:Leningrad Oblast
Location of conflict:Kurgalsky Natural Reserve, Kingiseppsky District
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Wetlands and coastal zone management
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific commodities:Natural Gas
Biological resources
Ecosystem Services
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The Nord Stream Natural Gas Pipeline was launched in November 2011. The Nord Stream twin pipeline system through the Baltic Sea runs from Vyborg, Russia to Lubmin near Greifswald, Germany. The pipelines were built and are operated by Nord Stream AG. The Nord Stream route crosses the Exclusive Economic Zones of Russia, Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Germany, as well as the territorial waters of Russia, Denmark, and Germany. The two 1,224-kilometre offshore pipelines are the most direct connection between the gas reserves in Russia and energy markets in the European Union. Combined, the twin pipelines have the capacity to transport a combined total of 55 billion cubic metres (bcm) of gas a year to businesses and households in the EU for at least 50 years.

See more
Project area:60,000
Level of Investment for the conflictive project11,000,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:small communities (population unknown)
Start of the conflict:06/2015
Company names or state enterprises:OMV (OMV) from Austria - Financial Investor
Royal Dutch Shell (Shell) from Netherlands
Uniper (Uniper) from Germany
Wintershall Holding GmbH (Wintershall) from Germany - Financial Investor
Engie (ENGIE) from France
Nord Stream 2 AG (Nord Stream 2) from Switzerland - Project company
Gazprom (Gazprom) from Russian Federation - Parent Company
Relevant government actors:Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Russian Federation
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Greenpeace
Green World
Coalition Green Baltic
Uusimaa Regional Environment Centre
Monitoring BTS
International Union for Conservation of Nature
Green World
Friends of the Baltic
Baltic Fund for Nature
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:International ejos
Local ejos
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Other Environmental impactsEnormous impact on wildlife, if built. Impact on Ramsar area.
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Proposal and development of alternatives:- Coalition Green Baltic requires that EIA on Nord Stream 2 Project addresses holistic and cumulative impacts on the Baltic Sea ecosystem
- While the project consortium aims to route the link through the Finnish economic zone of the Baltic Sea, environmentalists have been campaigning for it to consider the more southern route, saying the sea bed is flatter and would need less work and therefore less disruption to waste littered on the sea bed. The Environmental Ministery of Finland also insists that the consortium conducts a thorough environmental impact study of an alternative, southern route for its planned gas pipeline under the Baltic Sea.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Construction of theproject continues.
Sources & Materials

Project Website
[click to view]

[click to view]

Russian ecologists say Nord Stream 2 damages precious refuge
[click to view]

Finland tells Nord Stream to study alternative routes
[click to view]

Russian gas in the EU: How consumers threaten an international nature reserve
[click to view]

Nord Stream 2 and Environmental NGOs Discuss Route Selection in Russia
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Call Letter of Coalition Green Baltic for participation to Greenpeace Petition
[click to view]

Greenpeace Petition: Save the Kurgalsky Reserve
[click to view]

Gazprom wants to build a gas pipeline through a unique nature reserve

by Irina Kozlovskikh .5 December 2017
[click to view]

Other comments:
Meta information
Contributor:Ayşe Ceren Sarı, Boğaziçi University, [email protected]
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:3335
Legal notice / Aviso legal
We use cookies for statistical purposes and to improve our services. By clicking "Accept cookies" you consent to place cookies when visiting the website. For more information, and to find out how to change the configuration of cookies, please read our cookie policy. Utilizamos cookies para realizar el análisis de la navegación de los usuarios y mejorar nuestros servicios. Al pulsar "Accept cookies" consiente dichas cookies. Puede obtener más información, o bien conocer cómo cambiar la configuración, pulsando en más información.