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Sagarmala ports initiative and SEZs, the case of Andhra Pradesh, India

A coast and ocean grabbing project that will take away the livelihood of fishworkers, farmers and others near the coasts. Massive industrialization, ecological destruction.


Sagarmala is a set of projects for building the coast of India at the cost of the people's needs and in the name of economic development.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Sagarmala ports initiative and SEZs, the case of Andhra Pradesh, India
State or province:Andhra Pradesh
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Water access rights and entitlements
Ports and airport projects
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Natural Gas
Chemical products
Industrial waste
Transport services
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The Andhra Pradesh Government is drawing up plans to make the most of Sagarmala project, identifying 90 projects entailing investment of Rs. 1,30,762 crores. (2) Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu has constituted a 33-member committee to monitor the implementation of these projects. Visakhapatnam Port Trust will be the nodal agency for the implementation of inland waterways projects. Two industrial corridors and five SEZs will be part of the project.

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Level of Investment for the conflictive project25,000,000,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:01/01/2016
Company names or state enterprises:Visakhapatnam Port Trust from India
Relevant government actors:Andhra Pradesh Govt and Central Govt of India
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:National Alliance of People's Movements
National Fish Workers Forum (NFF)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Trade unions
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
November 21, 2016. World Fisheries Day is observed, it will see a massive rally of fisher people from different parts of the country at Delhi’s Jantar Mantar, against the ‘‘Ocean Grabbing’ policies of the Modi regime. National security too was a concern as many of these ports are being privatized and run the risk of being security threats, the forums said
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Other Environmental impacts
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Other socio-economic impacts
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Large investment plans approved
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:There is oppsition but it appears to be weak.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Sagarmala: Concept and implementation towards Blue Revolution published by Press Information Bureau, GoI, Cabinet
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Sagarmala - National Perspective Plan - Executive Summary
[click to view]

Sagarmala Project proposes 14 coastal economic zones across India
[click to view]

Drop Sagarmala project, it would lead to eco-devastation, displacement along Indian coast: Civil society meet
[click to view]

Should the Sagarmala project be scrapped?
[click to view]

Setback for Andhra Pradesh, Centre not to fund Sagaramala
[click to view]

Sagarmala, industrial corridors to boost economy: Gadkari
[click to view]

Fishermen plan nationwide protest against Sagarmala project
[click to view]

State submits Rs. 4,000 cr. worth proposals under Sagarmala
[click to view]

India to get six new mega ports under Ministry of Shipping's Sagarmala project
[click to view]

Fishermen oppose Sagarmala project
[click to view]

Andhra sends coastal economic zone proposals worth Rs 1.30 lakh crore to Centre
[click to view]

(2) AP identifies 90 projects under Sagarmala
[click to view]

(1). Funds sanctioned for Sagarmala projects. MAR 10, 2017by GURDIP SINGH
[click to view]

Sagarmala Port Project is a Noose in the Neck of Coastal Communities, Fisher People Oppose Move
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Amit Kumar, National Alliance of People's Movements
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:2754
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