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LNG Shannon terminal, Ireland

The Shannon LNG terminal aims to facilitate the import of gas to Ireland, the UK and the rest of Europe. Opponents argue that building new fossil fuel infrastructure is not in line with COP21 commitments and directly pushes Europe into a carbon lock-in.


Shannon Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminal would be the first of its kind to be built in Ireland. It would be  located in the rural area of Kilcolgan, which lies between the two north Kerry villages of Tarbert and Ballylong ford on the southern shores of the Shannon [1]. The purpose of building this terminal is to facilitate gas imports from non-EU countries (such as the US) to Ireland, the UK and the rest of Europe. The terminal’s proposed capacity is said to offer up to 180,000 m3 of LNG storage capacity and regasification capacity of up to 22.6 million m3/d [16]. In 2003, the terminal was first proposed by Paddy Power, an Irish oil executive [2]. The company Shannon LNG was then established in 2006 - as a subsidiary of “Hess LNG”, a 50/50 joint venture between Hess Corporation and Poten & Partners [2] which are US multinational corporations. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:LNG Shannon terminal, Ireland
State or province:County Kerry
Location of conflict:South West Ireland – near Ballylongford and Tarbert
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Other
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific commodities:Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project details

- Total estimated cost EUR 600 million

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Project area:114
Level of Investment for the conflictive project643,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:147,707 - 453,109
Start of the conflict:2006
End of the conflict:15/09/2023
Company names or state enterprises:Shannon LNG Ltd.
New Fortress Energy from United States of America - Owners of Shannon LGN since 2016
Hess Corporation from United States of America - Initial investor, sold its stake in 2016
Poten & Partners from United States of America - Initial investor, sold its stake in 2016
Ervia from Ireland - Owns and operates the public gas pipeline connecting with UK
Relevant government actors:European Union - PCI list
Irish Government - Strategic Infrastructure Act
Irish Commission for Energy Regulation of Ireland (CER)
An Bord Pleanala (Ireland’s national planning board)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:- Safety Before LNG,
- Friends of the Irish Environment,
- Kilcolgan Residents Association
- Love Leitrim,
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Submitted a recommendation calling for the rejection of the planning application
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Other Environmental impacts, Global warming
Other Environmental impactspotential gas leaks
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Other socio-economic impacts, Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Other socio-economic impactsPotential impacts on local livelihoods, increased energy poverty
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Withdrawal of company/investment
Project temporarily suspended
The project is not currently under construction, but neither is it "officially suspended". It is unclear who the new owner is and if enough financial resources will be pulled together to finalise the terminal. If resources are gathered and the project moves forward, it seems that a local resistance would pick up again.
Proposal and development of alternatives:The construction seems to be currently on hold until enough financial resources are pulled together. There is no transparency on who is the current owner of the project and what their plans are.
A first step would be to remove the Shannon terminal from the PCI list, which is being reviewed in 2017. This would remove considerable political and public financial support for its construction.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:The planning permission has been rejected. For now, Shannon LNG will not be constructed.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

[8] PIC Technical Details 1 (2015)
[click to view]

PIC Technical Details 2 (2015)
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[16] "Report Shannon Technology and Energy Park", New Fortress (2021). A report published by New Fortress detailing the Shannon LNG project specifities.
[click to view]

Information on future LNG terminals capacities
[click to view]

E3G report on the resilience of european energy
[click to view]

[2] Hydrocarbons Technology website. Information on Shannon LNG project (last accessed September 2023)
[click to view]

[3] Political Ecology of EU Energy Infrastructure blog, Patrick Bresnihan (2016). An excellent blog post detailing the ways in which energy provisioning is tied up to geographies, finance, state and private interests. (last accessed September 2023)
[click to view]

[4] "Shannon LNG's €600m gas terminal under threat after levy ruling", The Independent, (Sarah McCabe, 2013). News paper article about the pipeline. (Last accessed September 2023)
[click to view]

[5] "US oil giant Hess sells troubled Irish gas terminal Shannon LNG" The Independent. (Sarah McCabe, January 2017)
[click to view]

[6] "Shannon LNG wins power plant contracts", The Irish Times, Sarah McCabe, April 2023)
[click to view]

[7] "Demands for urgent decision on Shannon LNG terminal after oral hearing ruled out", The Independent, (Ralph Riegal, 2023).
[click to view]

[9] "High court action against €500m gas terminal gets underway", Irish Examiner (2008). News paper article detailing the legal proceedings brought forward by Friends of the Irish Environment and Raymond O'Mahoney. (Last accessed September 2023)
[click to view]

[11] "The rise and rise of data centres in Ireland" RTE, 2022. Article detailing how much energy is used by data centres in Ireland.
[click to view]

[12] "Shannon LNG paid Kerry County Council €4.1m in relation to controversial gas project it may never build" Irish Independent, (Caroline O'Doherty, 2022). Article detailing the potential corruption/bribery between Shannon LNG and Kerry council.
[click to view]

[13] "Government defends tax breaks for high-earning tech workers" Irish Examiner (Daniel McConnell, 2022). Article detailing the controversial tax breaks given to people working in the international tech industry.
[click to view]

[15] "Environmental group challenges inclusion of €500m Shannon LNG terminal and pipeline in list of EU Projects of Common Interest", Irish Examiner (2020). News article detailing FoEI's rejection to the Shannon LNG project being included in the EU's Projects of Common Interest programme.
[click to view]

[16] "Rabbitte statement a game changer, say LNG objectors". Irish Examiner. Thursday, December 08, 2011
[click to view]

[17] "Planning board refuses permission for 650m Shannon LGN terminal" The Irish Times, (2023). News article explaining An Bord Pleanála's decision to halt all building plans proposed by New Fortress.
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[1] Safety Before LNG website. A community resistance to the LNG set up by the Kilcolgan Residents Association, to represent not only the people of Kilcolgan, but also the people of Ireland (last accessed September 2023).
[click to view]

[10] Friends of the Irish Environment website. (last accessed September 2023)
[click to view]

[14] "Leitrim farmers fear fracking, but researchers deny plan to drill" The Journal (2015). A news article explaining the environmental group "Love Leitrim"'s efforts to campaign against fracking.
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Sarah Eckstein, EJAtlas, ([email protected]), Noelie Audi-Dor ([email protected])
Last update07/04/2023
Conflict ID:2585
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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