Last update:

Jaypee Cement Plant in HP, India

Among the main cement producers in India, Jaypee was found guilty of indulging in 'blatant falsehoods' in acquiring the requisite clearances, while people mobilize for heavy health impacts of the cement industry


Himachal Pradesh government in its new industrial policy invited investors to extract lime stone from the areas designated by the State and to set up cement industry within the State. One of the areas so earmarked was the Baga Bhalag lime stone deposits in Tehsil Arki of District Solan. The Jaypee Group was the successful bidder for this project and entered into a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the State on 9th July, 2004 wherein it agreed to set up a large capacity cement project based on the Baga limestone deposits with a minimum capacity of 2 million tones per annum (MTPA) of clinker manufacturing out of which at least 50% of the installed capacity of clinker was to be converted to cement through a grinding and blending unit. A 62 MW thermal power plant was also envisaged to exploit the cement plant, with a budget of Rs 90.45 crores.

See more
Basic Data
Name of conflict:Jaypee Cement Plant in HP, India
State or province:Himachal Pradesh
Location of conflict:village Bagheri, Tehsil Nalagarh, District Solan
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Thermal power plants
Building materials extraction (quarries, sand, gravel)
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

In Baga, it was envisaged lime stone deposits with a minimum capacity of 2 million tones per annum (MTPA) of clinker manufacturing out of which at least 50% of the installed capacity of clinker was to be converted to cement.

Project area:26.30
Level of Investment for the conflictive project170000000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:2009
Company names or state enterprises:Jaypee Group from India
Jai Parkash Associates Ltd from India - Jaiprakash is the third-largest cement player in the country with a 27.8 million tonnes per annum capacity. Its Himachal units include a 2 million tonnes cement plant and another 2 million tonnes grinding unit, both in the Solan district. Jaypee Himachal Cement Grinding & Blending Plant was commissioned in 2010 and enjoys excise benefits.
Relevant government actors:Himachal Pradesh Government
HP Pollution Control Board
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Himachal Pradesh Environment Protection Society, Head Office, Village and P.O. Baruna, Tehsil Nalagarh, District Solan, Himachal Pradesh, Sh. Ajit Singh, s/o Sh. Mast Ram Singh, r/o VPO Karuna, Tehsil Baddi, H.P.
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution
Health ImpactsVisible: Deaths, Other Health impacts
Other Health impactsAccording to testimonies on the ground collected by the Himdhara Collective, "Respiratory and throat problems, skin disorders and allergies have become common ever since the cement plant came to Bagheri". Him Parivesh, a soceity of senior and concerned citizens working on environment issues in the Baddi-Barotiwala-Nalagarh Industrial area, who were the litigants in the Jaypee case, did raise the issue of pollution from the cement plant, praying for cancellation of the unit's consent to operate. "We carried out an independent monitoring of the ambient air quality in November 2010 and the results showed that the pollution was way beyond the norms.
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Land dispossession
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Under negotiation
Recently the government approved the expansion of the plant
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:HP High Court has imposed a fine of Rs 100 Crores and ordered dismantle of the plant
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

HP High Court case order
[click to view]

Environment Impact Assessment notifications of 1994 and 2006

[1] The Hill Post - Himachal Green Court imposes Rs 100 Cr damages on Jaypee Cement Plant, by RAVINDER MAKHAIK MAY 4, 2012
[click to view]

[2] The Economic Times - Jaypee puts cement units in Himachal Pradesh on sale
[click to view]

[3] The Hill Post - Nod for cement plant expansion, Himachal cabinet cancels 7 hydro projects
[click to view]

[4] JAL thermal plant: The dust refuses to settle, by Manshi Asher
[click to view]

Himachal Green Court imposes Rs 100 Cr damages on Jaypee Cement Plant
[click to view]

Jaypee geographical spread in India
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Daniela Del Bene, ICTA-UAB (
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:2073
Legal notice / Aviso legal
We use cookies for statistical purposes and to improve our services. By clicking "Accept cookies" you consent to place cookies when visiting the website. For more information, and to find out how to change the configuration of cookies, please read our cookie policy. Utilizamos cookies para realizar el análisis de la navegación de los usuarios y mejorar nuestros servicios. Al pulsar "Accept cookies" consiente dichas cookies. Puede obtener más información, o bien conocer cómo cambiar la configuración, pulsando en más información.