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Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor, India

DMIC bringing land grab, loss of livelihood, unemployment, and larger resource grab from commons. Growing inequality and distress as per the corporate agenda. Blooming threat to democratic rights of people in states covered by DMIC.


If manufacturing is India’s (supposed) next big hope, then the Delhi–Mumbai Industrial Corridor is its rousing, inspirational, crowd-pleasing theme song. With the stated goal of making it a ‘global manufacturing and trading hub’, the project is meant to showcase India’s ability in planned urbanisation and world-class manufacturing and services. DMIC is easily the largest infrastructure project to be undertaken in India – at a cost of $100 billion and spanning the states of Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, and Maharashtra, it aims to create infrastructure of the kind rarely seen in India, set up world-class factories and logistics centres, and establish 24 smart cities (seven in the first phase alone) with cutting-edge technology, connectivity across rail, road, port and air, and uninterrupted power. Also on the agenda are skill development of the local populace and generation of three million job opportunities (two million in the manufacturing/processing sectors). The dedicated freight corridor (DFC) covering a length of nearly 1,500 km will support high-speed train connectivity and will run almost parallel to the Delhi–Mumbai Golden Quadrilateral National Highway. Initially, seven nodes (investment regions, IR, and industrial areas IA) in the DMIC states have been taken up for development. In total, 24 such nodes are envisaged which are meant to facilitate business generation with high-quality infrastructure. The corridor starts at Tughlakabad and (now infamous) Dadri in Delhi NCR and ends at Jawaharlal Nehru Port at Mumbai.  The project defines an investment region as a specifically delineated industrial region with a minimum area of around 200 square kilometres; an industrial area is for the establishment of manufacturing facilities for domestic and export-led production with a minimum area of around 100 square kilometres. Some of the projects include the Dholera investment region in Gujarat, a model solar power project in Neemrana, Rajasthan, and integrated industrial townships in Greater Noida and Vikram Udyogpuri (Madhya Pradesh).  Planned urbanisation is a major focus area of the project – for reference, India’s urban population is expected to rise to 36 per cent in 2026, roughly translating into 590 million (greater than the current combined population of the United States and Indonesia). Note that the dedicated freight corridor is being constructed and will be operated by Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India (DFCCIL), an SPV that is controlled by the railways ministry.  Officially launched in 2006 by the erstwhile UPA government, the stake in DMIC Development Corporation (DMICDC) – the implementation agency – is divided amongst the Indian government (49 per cent), Japan Bank for International Cooperation (26 per cent), and government financial institutions (the remainder). The government of Japan, aside from providing state-of-the-art technology and expertise to the project, has also pledged financial support to the extent of $4.5 billion in the first phase at a nominal rate of 0.1 per cent – this, together with the $4.5 billion to be provided by the Indian government, will cover for basic infrastructure such as roads, water pipelines, sewage lines, and waste collection. The 90 per cent of the remaining funds is slated to come from private players, ostensibly due to the increased value of the land post the initial development of the infrastructure – a significantly mammoth task and not without a few sceptics. Understandably, the affected states are already jousting for potential investors. For instance, the Greater Noida website encourages investors to put their money in the UP region of DMIC touting its ‘locational advantages’, ‘top-class facilities’, and ‘attractive policies and projects’, among other such priceless qualities.  The exact mechanism of these projections is debatable, information about this mammoth project is scarce, and the desirability and feasibility of this project hasn’t been put to even a farcical public debate. As succinctly articulated by this observer, ‘(DMIC) is also a great example of a project where a study of facts, numbers, statistics and projections are increasingly futile as they are constantly shifting.’ Still, the most amusing aspect of the project is that DMICDC operates out of a hotel room in Hotel Ashok in New Delhi, which seems incongruous with everything that this project stands for – size and bombast. But one can still enjoy this uplifting video created by them.    - See more at:

Basic Data
Name of conflict:Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor, India
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Coal extraction and processing
Urban development conflicts
Large-scale solar plants
Water access rights and entitlements
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Ports and airport projects
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Other industries
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Thermal power plants
Oil and gas refining
Land acquisition conflicts
Interbasin water transfers/transboundary water conflicts
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Building materials extraction (quarries, sand, gravel)
Specific commodities:Land
Sand, gravel
Biological resources
Domestic municipal waste
Carbon offsets
Ecosystem Services
Live Animals
Manufactured Products
Natural Gas
Chemical products
Industrial waste
Forest, Public services etc
Project Details and Actors
Project details


See more
Level of Investment for the conflictive projectMore than 100,000,000,000.00
Type of populationUnknown
Affected Population:Over 180 Million
Start of the conflict:01/01/2010
Company names or state enterprises:Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corporation (DMICDC) from India - Planning and Implementation
Relevant government actors:Ministry of Industries, Ministry of Urban Development, NITI Ayog, Several State Governments, Housing and Urban Development Corporation Limited (HUDCO), India Infrastructure Finance Corporation Limited (IIFCL), Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC)
International and Finance Institutions Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) from Japan
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) from Japan
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Corridor Virodhi Sangharsh Abhiyan, National Alliance of Peoples' Movements, Narmada Bachao Andolan, Paryavaran Suraksha Samiti, Sarvahara Jan Andolan, ICAN, INSAF, Ghar Bachao Ghar Banao Andolan, Gujarat Khedut Samaj, Jagatikaran Virodhi Kruti Samiti, Gujarat Sarvodya Mandal, Kisan Sangharsh Samiti, Jan Sangharsh Vahini
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Industrial workers
Informal workers
Landless peasants
Social movements
Trade unions
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Project affected communities
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Refusal of compensation
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Global warming, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Air pollution, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Potential: Occupational disease and accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Potential: Specific impacts on women
Other socio-economic impactsRise in economic inequality, Caste conflict
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Violent targeting of activists
Due to agitations, the status of outcomes are different at different places. At some places its put on a hold, in others work is continuing and so on.
Sources & Materials

Maharashtra villagers protest against DMIC project
[click to view]

Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor: people oppose Manesar-Bawal segment of project at public hearing
[click to view]

Indore: DMIC’s early bird projects moves at snail’s pace
[click to view]

Genesis of Protest against DMIC – NAPM
[click to view]

Make in India: Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor to invite first anchor investors in August
[click to view]

DMIC Virodhi Sangharsh Yatra Culminates with National Convention on DMIC: Facts and Myths
[click to view]

Reports from NAPM Mumbai-Delhi Sangharsh Yatra

March 20, 2013

DMIC Virodhi Sangharsh Yatra Culminates with National Convention on DMIC: Facts and Myths

DMIC is not about development but resource grab and corporate profit

19th March 2013, New Delhi
[click to view]

Delhi-Mumbai Sangharsh Yatra

(alongside proposed Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor, March 8 – 19, 2013)

Against indiscriminate acquisition of agricultural land, massive displacement, undermining sovereignty of gram sabhas and colossal loss of life and livelihood
[click to view]

Delhi-Mumbai industrial corridor is running into multiple mutinies over land acquisition
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (India in 5 years)
[click to view]

Building India -Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Infra Projects (DMIC) Driving Growth
[click to view]

Future of India 2040 - A film on the Delhi Mumbai Industrial corridor
[click to view]

Farmer's Protest against SIR Project at Dholera
[click to view]

Villagers claim protest against Dholera SIR a political stunt
[click to view]

India's next phase of growth: DMIC Project
[click to view]

Phase I of Del-Mum Industrial Corridor to be done 2019: CMD

Phase I of Del-Mum Industrial Corridor to be done 2019
[click to view]

Other documents

Industrial Corridor: Current Status
[click to view]

DMIC: Overview Last updated in April, 2016
[click to view]


5 true stories from the project that never made it to headlines.

Compiled by Rishit Neogi
[click to view]

[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Himshi Singh ([email protected]), National Alliance of Peoples' Movements
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:2483
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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